Towing is a relatively simple yet complex process which involves the coupling of two or more objects to some kind of power source in order that they might be transported or moved. Typically any object can you use to put force on another and can be used to tow such as an animal or some other kind of tool like a wench. anything that can get the job done. In our modern times high powered vehicles such as trucks with combustion engines are used to provide the force and forward motion needed to tow the other object in question. This modern method of Towing is useful for many reasons, such as moving a vehicle that might be illegally parked or disabled in some way or otherwise in an unsafe or illegal location. Towing may be used to move heavy cargo and goods from one place to another. Other common Towing purposes might include relocating boats are other recreational vehicles such as RVs, luxury vehicles and campers.

How to Tow

The modern methods for towing can be achieved through a variety of different coupling methods: 

Ball Hitch: One involves a ball hitch. This method involves a “ball” that attaches to the towing vehicle and a “socket” that can be mounted on to the ball and then connected to the trailer. This method allows a device to be inserted into the hitch which in turn can be connected to the chassis of the vehicle needing to be towed.

Pintle Hook & Lunette Ring:  Another method involves what is called a pintle hook and Lunette ring. This towing application is more applicable in more rugged situations with rougher terrain. The pintle hook is like a pincher that grabs the lunette ring and a connector pin to ensure a safe tow. This towing application is commonly found in industrial, military, and agricultural purposes.

Three Point Hitch: A three point hitch is the towing method found 10 in Agricultural and farming applications. This involves a hitch that resembles a triangle shape. When using this Towing method, the object being towed will not swivel or move in any other direction than forwards or backwards. Instead the object being towed will remain static and fixed.  This Towing application is considered to be safer due to the weight of the vehicle being towed in comparison to the power source doing the towing. Additionally this will give the vehicle doing the towing, typically a tractor or other farm vehicle, more available traction maneuverability and overall safety.

Fifth Wheel: Fifth Wheel Towing application involves a kingpin which will be attached to the trailer of the power source and then a horseshoe or some other kind of half circle coupling mounted on the back of the towing truck. This coupling is referred to as “fifth wheel”, though there is no actual rotating wheel involved. The term fifth wheel has become commonly associated with recreational vehicles such as RV’s and campers which can be used in all kinds of different shapes and sizes and often required some kind of towing application.

Buffer & Chain: The coupling required to do a towing job can be achieved in several different ways however the most common is the buffer and chain coupling method used in trains. A large chain is connected to each wagon allowing the forward momentum to go from train car to train car. Buffers connect to the frame of the wagon to absorb the force of the cars coming together in the event of a sudden loss of forward momentum. 

This concludes the common methods of towing and their different applications in modern societies today. It’s important to remember to use the most effective and safe method of towing for your needs to get you from point A to point B quickly and safely.